Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 3.400 IF 3.400
  • IF 5-year value: 3.841 IF 5-year
  • CiteScore value: 3.71 CiteScore
  • SNIP value: 1.472 SNIP 1.472
  • IPP value: 3.57 IPP 3.57
  • SJR value: 1.770 SJR 1.770
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 70 Scimago H
    index 70
  • h5-index value: 49 h5-index 49
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 06 May 2020

Submitted as: research article | 06 May 2020

Review status
This preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Three Decades of Tropospheric Ozone Lidar Development at Garmisch-Partenkirchen

Thomas Trickl, Helmuth Giehl, Frank Neidl, Matthias Perfahl, and Hannes Vogelmann Thomas Trickl et al.
  • Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Meteorologien und Klimaforschung (IMK-IFU), Kreuzeck-bahnstr. 19, D-82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Abstract. Since 1988 two ozone lidar systems have been developed at IMK-IFU (Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany). A stationary system, operated at the institute, has yielded about 5000 vertical profiles of ozone from next to the ground to typically 3 km above the tropopause and has contributed data for a large number of scientific investigations. A mobile system was successfully operated in a number of field campaigns after its completion in 1996, before it was destroyed in major flooding in May 1999. Both systems combine a high data quality with high vertical resolution dynamically varied between 50 m in the lower troposphere and 250–500 m below the tropopause (stationary system). The stationary system has been gradually upgraded over the years. The noise level of the raw data has reached a level of about ±1 × 10-6 of the input range of the transient digitizers after minor smoothing. As a consequence, uncertainties of the ozone mixing ratios of 1.5 to 4 ppb have been achieved up to about 5 km. The performance in the upper troposphere, based on the wavelength pair 292 – 313-nm varies between 5 and 15 ppb, depending on the absorption of the 292-nm radiation in ozone and the solar background. In summer it is, therefore, planned to extend the measurement time for 41 s to a few minutes in order to improve the performance. For longer time series automatic data acquisition has been used. The number of measurements per year has been confined to less than 600 since fully automatic data evaluation has, still, had its limitations and some manual actions are needed.

Thomas Trickl et al.

Interactive discussion

Status: open (until 01 Jul 2020)
Status: open (until 01 Jul 2020)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Thomas Trickl et al.

Thomas Trickl et al.


Total article views: 88 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
61 21 6 88 0 0
  • HTML: 61
  • PDF: 21
  • XML: 6
  • Total: 88
  • BibTeX: 0
  • EndNote: 0
Views and downloads (calculated since 06 May 2020)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 06 May 2020)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 57 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 57 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1



No saved metrics found.


No discussed metrics found.
Latest update: 03 Jun 2020
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
Lidar sounding of ozone and other atmospheric constituents has proved to be invaluable tool for atmospheric studies. The ozone lidar systems developed at Garmisch-Partenkirchen have reached an accuracy level almost matching that of in situ sensors. Since the late 1990s numerous important scientific discoveries have been made such as the first observation of intercontinental transport of ozone and the very high occurrence of intrusions of stratospheric air into the troposphere.
Lidar sounding of ozone and other atmospheric constituents has proved to be invaluable tool for...