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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-478
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-478
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 17 Dec 2019

Submitted as: research article | 17 Dec 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

High humidity tandem differential mobility analyzer for accurate determination of aerosol hygroscopic growth, microstructure and activity coefficients over a wide range of relative humidity

Eugene F. Mikhailov1,2 and Sergey S. Vlasenko2 Eugene F. Mikhailov and Sergey S. Vlasenko
  • 1Multiphase Chemistry and Biogeochemistry Departments, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, 55020 Mainz, Germany
  • 2St. Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya nab, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia

Abstract. Interactions with water are crucial for the properties, transformation and climate effects of atmospheric aerosols. Here we present high humidity tandem differential hygroscopicity analyzer (HHTDMA) and a new method to measure the hygroscopic growth of aerosol particles with in-situ restructuring to minimize the influence of particle shape. With this approach, growth factors can be measured with an uncertainty 0.3–0.9 % over a relative humidity (RH) range of 2–99.6 % and with an RH measurement accuracy better than 0.4 %.

The HHTDMA instrument can be used in hydration, dehydration and restructuring modes of operation. The restructuring mode allows to investigate the effects of drying conditions on the initial microstructure of aerosol particles and specified the optimal parameters that provide their rearrangements into compact structures with near-spherical shape. These optimal parameters were then used in hygroscopic growth experiments by combining restructuring mode with conventional hydration or dehydration mode. The tandem of two modes allowed us to measure the particle growth factors with high precision as well as to determine the thickness of the water adsorption layer on the surface of compact crystalline particles.

To verify HHTDMA instrument we compared the measured ammonium sulfate growth factors with these obtained from E-AIM-based Köhler model. Averaged over the range of 38–96 % RH, the mean relative deviations between measurement and model results is less than 0.5 %.

We demonstrate this precision by presenting data for glucose for which bulk thermodynamic coefficients are available. The HHTDMA-derived activity coefficients of water and glucose were obtained for both dilute and supersaturated solutions and are in a good agreement with these reported in literature. Averaged deviation between the measured activity coefficients and these obtained by bulk method is less than 4 %. For dilute solution in water activity range of 0.98–0.99 the hygroscopicity parameter of glucose and molal osmotic coefficient were obtained with uncertainty of 0.4 % and 2.5 %, respectively.

Eugene F. Mikhailov and Sergey S. Vlasenko
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Eugene F. Mikhailov and Sergey S. Vlasenko
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