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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-468
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-468
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 20 Dec 2019

Submitted as: research article | 20 Dec 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Continuous methane concentration measurements at the Greenland Ice Sheet-atmosphere interface using a low-cost low-power metal oxide sensor system

Christian Juncher Jørgensen1, Jacob Mønster2, Karsten Fuglsang2, and Jesper Riis Christiansen3 Christian Juncher Jørgensen et al.
  • 1Department of Bioscience, Arctic Environment, Aarhus University, Roskilde, 4000, Denmark
  • 2FORCE Technology, Brøndby, 2605, Denmark
  • 3Department of Geoscience and Natural Resources, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, 1958, Denmark

Abstract. In this paper, the performance of a low-cost and low-power methane (CH4) sensing system prototype based on a metal oxide sensor (MOS) sensitive to CH4 is tested in a natural CH4 emitting environment at the Greenland Ice sheet (GrIS). We investigate if the MOS could be used as a supplementary measurement technique for monitoring CH4 emissions from the GrIS with the scope of setting up a CH4 monitoring network along the GrIS. The performance of the MOS is evaluated on basis of parallel measurements using a CRDS reference instrument for v over a field calibration period of approximately 100 h. Results from the field calibration period show that CH4 concentrations measured with the MOS is in very good agreement with the reference CRDS. The absolute concentration difference between the MOS and the CRDS reference values within the measured concentration range of approximately 2–100 ppm CH4 were generally lower than 5 ppm CH4, while the relative concentration deviations between the MOS and the CRDS were generally below 10 %. Calculated mean bias error for the entire field calibration period was −0.05 ppm with a standard deviation of ± 1.69 ppm (n = 37 140). The results confirms that low-cost and low-power MOS can be effectively used for atmospheric CH4 measurements under stable water vapor conditions. The primary scientific importance of the study is that it provides a clear example on how the application of low cost technology can enhance our future understanding on the climatic feedbacks from the cryosphere to the atmosphere.

Christian Juncher Jørgensen et al.
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Short summary
Recent discoveries have showed large emissions of methane (CH4) to the atmosphere from meltwater at the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS). Low-cost/low-power gas sensor technology offer great potential to supplementing CH4 measurements using very expensive reference analyzers under harsh and remote conditions. In this paper we evaluate the in situ performance at the GrIS of a low-cost CH4 sensor to a state-of-the-art analyzer and find very excellent agreement between the two methods.
Recent discoveries have showed large emissions of methane (CH4) to the atmosphere from meltwater...
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