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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-467
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-467
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 18 Dec 2019

Submitted as: research article | 18 Dec 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Characterization of an EKO MS-711 spectroradiometer: aerosol retrieval from spectral direct irradiance measurements and corrections of the circumsolar radiation

Rosa Delia García-Cabrera1,2, Emilio Cuevas-Agulló2, África Barreto3,1,2, Victoria Eugenia Cachorro1, Mario Pó4, Ramón Ramos2, and Kees Hoogendijk4 Rosa Delia García-Cabrera et al.
  • 1Atmospheric Optics Group, Valladolid University, Valladolid, Spain
  • 2Izaña Atmospheric Research Center (IARC), State Meteorological Agency (AEMET), Spain
  • 3Cimel Electronique, Paris, France
  • 4EKO INSTRUMENTS Europe B.V., The Hague, the Netherlands

Abstract. Spectral direct UV-Visible normal solar irradiance (DNI) measured with an EKO MS-711 spectroradiometer at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (IZO, Spain) has been used to determine aerosol optical depth (AOD) at several wavelengths (340, 380, 440, 500, 675 and 870 nm) between April and September 2019 that have been compared with synchronous AOD measurements from a reference Cimel-AERONET (Aerosol RObotic NETwork) sunphotometer. The EKO MS-711 has been calibrated at Izaña Observatory using the Langley-Plot method during the study period. Although this instrument has been designed for spectral solar DNI measurements, and therefore has a field of view (FOV) of 5° that is twice that recommended in solar photometry for AOD determination, the AOD differences compared against the AERONET Cimel reference instrument (FOV ∼ 1.2°), are fairly small. The comparison results between AOD Cimel and EKO MS-711 present a root mean square (RMS) of 0.013 (24.6 %) at 340, and 380 nm, and 0.029 (19.5 %) for longer wavelengths (440, 500, 675 and 870 nm). However, under relatively high AOD, near forward aerosol scattering might be significant because of the relatively large circumsolar radiation (CSR) due to the large EKO MS-711 FOV, resulting in a small but significant AOD underestimation in the UV range. The AOD differences decrease considerably when CSR corrections, estimated from LibRadtran radiative transfer model simulations, are performed, obtaining RMS of 0.006 (14.9 %) at 340 and 380 nm, and 0.005 (11.1 %) for longer wavelengths. The percentage of 2-minute synchronous EKO AOD–Cimel AOD differences within the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) traceability limits were ≥ 96 % at 500 nm, 675 nm and 870 nm with no CSR corrections. After applying the CSR corrections, the percentage of AOD differences within the WMO traceability limits increased to > 95 % for 380, 440, 500, 675 and 870 nm, while for 340 nm the percentage of AOD differences showed a poorer increase from 67 % to a modest 86 %.

Rosa Delia García-Cabrera et al.
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Rosa Delia García-Cabrera et al.
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Short summary
Spectral direct UV-Visible normal solar irradiance measured with an EKO MS-711 spectroradiometer at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (Spain) has been used to determine aerosol optical depth (AOD) at several wavelengths that have been compared with synchronous AOD measurements from a reference Cimel-AERONET (Aerosol RObotic NETwork) sun photometer.
Spectral direct UV-Visible normal solar irradiance measured with an EKO MS-711 spectroradiometer...
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