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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-419
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-419
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 28 Nov 2019

Submitted as: research article | 28 Nov 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Validation of MOPITT Carbon Monoxide (CO) retrievals over urban regions

Wenfu Tang1,2, Helen M. Worden2, Merritt N. Deeter2, David P. Edwards2, Louisa K. Emmons2, Sara Martínez-Alonso2, Benjamin Gaubert2, Rebecca R. Buchholz2, Glenn S. Diskin3, Russell R. Dickerson4, and Yutaka Kondo5 Wenfu Tang et al.
  • 1Advanced Study Program, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 2Atmospheric ChemistryObservations and Modeling, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 3NASA Langley Research Center,Hampton, VA, USA
  • 4Department of Atmospheric and OceanicScience, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
  • 5National Institute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Japan

Abstract. The performance of the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) retrievals over urban regions has not been validated systematically, even though MOPITT observations are widely used to study CO over urban regions. Here we validate MOPITT products over urban regions using aircraft measurements from DISCOVER-AQ, SEAC4RS, ARIAs, A-FORCE, and KORUS-AQ campaigns. Overall, MOPITT performs reasonably well over both urban and non-urban regions, overall biases for V8J and V8T vary from −0.7 % to 0.0 %, and from 2.0 % to 3.5 %, respectively. The evaluation statistics of MOPITT V8J and V8T over non-urban regions are better than that over urban regions with smaller biases and higher correlation coefficients. We find that the performance of MOPITT V8J and V8T at high CO concentrations is not as good as that at low CO concentrations, although CO variability may tend to exaggerate retrieval biases in heavily-polluted scenes. We test the sensitivities of validation results to assumptions and data filters applied during the comparisons of MOPITT retrievals and in-situ profiles. The results at the surface are insensitive to the model-based profile extension (required due to aircraft altitude limitations) whereas the results at levels with limited aircraft observations are more sensitive to the model-based profile extension. The validation results are insensitive to the allowed maximum time difference as criteria for co-location (12 hours, 6 hours, 3 hours, and 1 hour), and are generally insensitive to the radius for co-location, except for the case where the radius is small (25 km) and hence the MOPITT retrievals included in the validation become very small. Daytime MOPITT products have overall smaller biases than nighttime MOPITT products when comparing both MOPITT daytime and nighttime retrievals to the daytime aircraft observations. However, it would be premature to draw conclusions on the performance of MOPITT nighttime retrievals without nighttime aircraft observations. Applying signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) filters does not necessarily improve the overall agreement between MOPITT retrievals and in-situ profiles, likely due to the reduced number of MOPITT retrievals that result for comparison. Comparisons of MOPITT retrievals and in-situ profiles over complex urban or polluted regimes are inherently challenging due to spatial and temporal variabilities of CO within MOPITT retrieval pixels (i.e., footprints). We demonstrate the some of that errors are due to CO representativeness with these sensitivity tests, but further quantification of validation errors due to CO variability within the MOPITT footprint will require future work.

Wenfu Tang et al.
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