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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-171
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-171
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 10 May 2019

Research article | 10 May 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Estimation of turbulence parameters from scanning lidars and in-situ instrumentation in the Perdigão 2017 campaign

Norman Wildmann1, Nicola Bodini2, Julie K. Lundquist2,3, Ludovic Bariteau4, and Johannes Wagner1 Norman Wildmann et al.
  • 1Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • 2Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • 3National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, USA
  • 4Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA

Abstract. The understanding of the sources, spatial distribution and temporal variability of turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) and improved simulation of its forcing processes require observations in a broad range of terrain types and atmospheric conditions. In this study, we estimate turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) dissipation rate using multiple techniques, including traditional in-situ measurements of sonic anemometers on meteorological towers, a hot-wire anemometer on a tethered lifting system (TLS), as well as remote-sensing retrievals from a vertically staring lidar and two lidars performing range-height indicator (RHI) scans. For the retrieval of ε from the lidar RHI scans, we introduce a modification of the Doppler Spectral Width (DSW) method. This method uses spatio-temporal averages of the variance of the line-of-sight (LOS) velocity and the turbulent broadening of the Doppler backscatter spectrum. We validate this method against the observations from the other instruments, also including uncertainty estimations for each method. The synthesis of the results from all instruments enables a detailed analysis of the spatial and temporal variability of ε across a valley between two parallel ridges at the Perdigão 2017 campaign. We find that the shear zones above and below nighttime low-level jets (LLJ) experience turbulence enhancements, as does the wake of a wind turbine (WT). We analyze in detail how ε varies in the early morning of 14 June 2017, when the turbulence in the valley, approximately eleven rotor diameters downstream of the WT, is still significantly enhanced by the WT wake.

Norman Wildmann et al.
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