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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 14 May 2019

Research article | 14 May 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

A new discrete wavelength BUV algorithm for consistent volcanic SO2 retrievals from multiple satellite missions

Bradford L. Fisher1, Nickolay A. Krotkov2, Pawan K. Bhartia2, Can Li2,3, Simon Carn4, Eric Hughes5, and Peter J. T. Leonard6 Bradford L. Fisher et al.
  • 1SSAI, 10210 Greenbelt Rd, Suite 600, Lanham MD, 20706, USA
  • 2Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD, 20771, USA
  • 3Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA
  • 4Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton MI, 49931, USA
  • 5Miner & Kasch, 8174 Lark Brown Rd, #101, Eldridge, MD, 21075, USA
  • 6ADNET Systems, Inc., 7515 Mission Drive, Suite A100, Lanham, MD, 20706, USA

Abstract. This paper describes a new discrete wavelength algorithm developed for retrieving volcanic sulfur dioxide (SO2) vertical column density (VCD) from UV observing satellites. The Multi-Satellite SO2 algorithm (MS_SO2) simultaneously retrieves column densities of sulfur dioxide, ozone, Lambertian Effective Reflectivity (LER) and its spectral dependence. It is used operationally to process measurements from the heritage Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) on board NASA's Nimbus-7 satellite (N7/TOMS: 1978–1993) and from the current Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) on board Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR: 2015–) from the Earth-Sun Lagrange (L1) orbit. Results from MS_SO2 algorithm for several volcanic cases were validated using the more sensitive principal component analysis (PCA) algorithm. The PCA is an operational algorithm used by NASA to retrieve SO2 from hyperspectral UV spectrometers, such as Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on board NASA’s Earth Observing System Aura satellite and Ozone Mapping and Profiling Suite (OMPS) on board NASA-NOAA Suomi National Polar Partnership (S-NPP) satellite. For this comparative study, the PCA algorithm was modified to use the discrete wavelengths of the Nimbus7/TOMS instrument, described in S1 of the paper supplement. Our results demonstrate good agreement between the two retrievals for the largest volcanic eruptions of the satellite era, such as 1991 Pinatubo eruption. To estimate SO2 retrieval uncertainties we use radiative transfer simulations explicitly accounting for volcanic sulfate and ash aerosols. Our results suggest that the discrete-wavelength MS_SO2 algorithm, although less sensitive than hyperspectral PCA algorithm, can be adapted to retrieve volcanic SO2 VCDs from contemporary hyperspectral UV instruments, such as OMI and OMPS, to create consistent, multi-satellite, long-term volcanic SO2 climate data records.

Bradford L. Fisher et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Bradford L. Fisher et al.
Bradford L. Fisher et al.
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