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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 09 Oct 2018

Research article | 09 Oct 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Merging of ozone profiles from SCIAMACHY, OMPS and SAGE II observations to study stratospheric ozone changes

Carlo Arosio, Alexei Rozanov, Elizaveta Malinina, Mark Weber, and John P. Burrows Carlo Arosio et al.
  • Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen

Abstract. This paper presents vertically and zonally resolved merged ozone time series from limb measurements of the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) and the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS). In addition, we present the merging of the latter two data sets with zonally averaged profiles from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II. The retrieval of ozone profiles from SCIAMACHY and OMPS is performed at the University of Bremen. Within the merging procedure of these two time series we use data from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) as a transfer function and we follow two approaches: (1) a standard method involving the calculation of deseasonalized anomalies and (2) a plain-debiasing approach, generally not considered in previous similar studies, which preserves the seasonal cycles of each instrument. We find a good correlation and no significant drifts between the merged and MLS time series. Using the merged data set, we apply a multivariate regression analysis to study ozone changes over the 2003–2018 period in the 20–50 km vertical range. Exploiting the high horizontal sampling of the instruments, we investigate not only the zonally averaged field but also the longitudinally resolved long-term ozone variations, finding a remarkable variability, especially at mid- and high-latitudes. Significant positive linear trends of about 2–4 % per decade were identified in the upper stratosphere between 38 and 45 km at mid-latitudes. This is in agreement with the predicted recovery of upper stratospheric ozone, which is attributed both to the adoption of measures to limit the release of halogen-containing ozone-depleting substances included in the Montreal protocol and to the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases. In the tropical stratosphere below 25 km negative but non-significant trends were found. We compare our results with similar previous studies and with short-term trends calculated over the SCIAMACHY period: while a general agreement is found, some discrepancies are seen in the tropical mid-stratosphere. Regarding the merging of SAGE II with SCIAMACHY and OMPS, zonal mean anomalies are taken into consideration and ozone trends after and before 1997 are shown. Negative trends above 30 km are found for the 1985–1997 period, with a peak of −6 % per decade at mid-latitudes, in agreement with previous studies. The increase of ozone concentration in the upper stratosphere is confirmed considering the 1998–2018 period. Trends in the middle and lower tropical stratosphere are found to be non-significant.

Carlo Arosio et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Carlo Arosio et al.
Carlo Arosio et al.
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Short summary
The aim of this study is the merging of stratospheric ozone profiles from 3 satellite datasets. The merged time series is used to compute long-term changes as a function of altitude, latitude and longitude to study the evolution of the ozone layer over 1985–2018. We found positive trends in the upper stratosphere at mid-latitudes, related to the Montreal Protocol and increasing greenhouse gases, and a remarkable variability of ozone changes as a function of longitude and over the last 15 years.
The aim of this study is the merging of stratospheric ozone profiles from 3 satellite datasets....