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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 30 Nov 2018

Research article | 30 Nov 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

A Generalized Simulation Capability for Rotating Beam Scatterometers

Zhen Li, Ad Stoffelen, and Anton Verhoef Zhen Li et al.
  • R&D Satellite Observation, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, de Bilt, 3731 GA, Netherlands

Abstract. Rotating-beam wind scatterometers exist in two types: rotating fan-beam and rotating pencil-beam. In our study, a generic simulation frame is established and verified to assess the wind retrieval skill of the three different scatterometers: SCAT on CFOSAT, WindRad on FY-3E and SeaWinds on QuikScat. Besides the comparison of the so-called 1st rank-solution retrieval skill of the input wind field, other Figure of Merits (FoMs) are applied to statistically characterize the associated wind retrieval performance from three aspects: wind vector root mean square error, ambiguity susceptibility, and wind biases. The evaluation shows that, overall, the wind retrieval quality of the three instruments can be ranked from high to low as WindRad, SCAT, and SeaWinds, where the wind retrieval quality strongly depends on the Wind Vector Cell (WVC) location across the swath. Usually, the higher the number of views, the better the wind retrieval, but the effect of increasing the number of views reaches saturation, considering the fact that the wind retrieval quality at the nadir and sweet swath parts stays relatively similar for SCAT and WindRad. On the other hand, the wind retrieval performance in the outer swath of WindRad is improved substantially as compared to SCAT due to the increased number of views. The results may be generally explained by the different incidence angle ranges of SCAT and WindRad, mainly affecting azimuth diversity around nadir and number of views in the outer swath. This simulation frame can be used for optimizing the Bayesian wind retrieval algorithm, in particular to avoid biases around nadir, but also to investigate resolution and accuracy through incorporating and analysing the spatial response functions of the simulated Level-1B data for each WVC.

Zhen Li et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Zhen Li et al.
Zhen Li et al.
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Publications Copernicus
Short summary
This paper presents a generic simulation scheme of rotating-beam scatterometer, which includes pencil-beam and fan-beam. SCAT (CFOSAT), WindRAD, and SeaWinds are chosen to represent the current or near future rotating-beam scatterometer. Their capacity for wind retrieval and Figure of Merits (FoMs) are analyzed and compared with each other. Increasing the number of views is able to improve the wind retrieval, but the improvement also can reach saturation even with more views.
This paper presents a generic simulation scheme of rotating-beam scatterometer, which includes...