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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2018-102
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2018-102
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 31 Jul 2018

Research article | 31 Jul 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript was accepted for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Implementation of Polarization Diversity Pulse Pair Technique using airborne W-band radar

Mengistu Wolde1, Alessandro Battaglia2,3, Cuong Nguyen1, Andrew L. Pazmany4, and Anthony Illingworth5 Mengistu Wolde et al.
  • 1National Research Council Canada
  • 2University of Leicester, UK
  • 3National Center for Earth Observation, UK
  • 4ProSensing Inc., Amherst, Massachusetts
  • 5University of Reading, UK

Abstract. This work describes the implementation of polarization diversity on the National Research Council Canada W-band Doppler radar and presents the first-ever airborne Doppler measurements derived via polarization diversity pulse pair processing. The polarization diversity pulse pair measurements are interleaved with standard pulse pair measurements with staggered pulse repetition frequency; this allows a better understanding of the strengths and drawbacks of polarization diversity, a methodology that has been recently proposed for wind-focussed Doppler radar space missions. Polarization diversity has the clear advantage of making possible Doppler observations of very fast de-correlating media (as expected when deploying Doppler radars on fast moving satellites) and of widening the Nyquist interval, thus enabling the observation of very high Doppler velocities (up to more than 100m/s in present work). Cross-talk between the two polarizations, mainly caused by depolarization at backscattering deteriorated the quality of the observations by introducing ghost echoes in the power signals and by increasing the noise level in the Doppler measurements. In the different cases analyzed during the field campaigns, the regions affected by cross-talk were generally associated with highly depolarized surface returns and depolarization of backscatter from hydrometeors located at short ranges from the air craft. The variance of the Doppler velocity estimates can be well predicted from theory and were also estimated directly from the observed correlation between the H-polarized and V-polarized successive pulses. The study represents a key milestone towards the implementation of polarization diver sity in Doppler space-borne radars.

Mengistu Wolde et al.
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Mengistu Wolde et al.
Mengistu Wolde et al.
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