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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2017-417
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
13 Mar 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).
A large-area blackbody for inflight calibration of an infrared interferometer deployed on board a long-duration balloon for stratospheric research
Friedhelm Olschewski1, Christian Monte2, Albert Adibekyan2, Max Reiniger2, Berndt Gutschwager2, Joerg Hollandt2, and Ralf Koppmann1 1Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Research at the University of Wuppertal, 42097 Wuppertal, Germany
2Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, 10587 Berlin, Germany
Abstract. The deployment of the imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer GLORIA (Gimballed Limb Observer for Radiance Imaging of the Atmosphere) on board a long-duration balloon for stratospheric research requires a blackbody for inflight calibration in order to provide traceability to the International Temperature Scale (ITS-90) to ensure comparability with the results of other experiments and over time. GLORIA, which has been deployed onboard various research aircraft such as the Russian M55 Geophysica or the German HALO in the past, shall also be used for detailed atmospheric measurements in the stratosphere up to 40 km altitude. The instrument uses a two-dimensional detector array and an imaging optics with a large aperture diameter of 36 mm and an opening angle of 4.07° × 4.07° for infrared limb observations. To overfill the field-of-view (FOV) of the instrument, a large-area blackbody radiation sources (125 mm × 125 mm) is required for inflight calibration. In order to meet the requirements regarding the scientific goals of the GLORIA missions, the radiance temperature of the blackbody calibration source has to be determined to better than 100 mK and the spatial uniformity shall be better than 100 mK. Since electrical resources onboard a stratospheric balloon are very limited, the latent heat of the phase change of a eutectic material is utilized for temperature stabilization of the calibration source, such that the blackbody has a constant temperature of about −32 °C corresponding to a typical temperature observed in the stratosphere.

The Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Research at the University ofWuppertal designed and manufactured a prototype of the large-area blackbody for inflight calibration of an infrared interferometer deployed onboard a long-duration balloon for stratospheric research. This newly developed calibration source was tested under lab conditions as well as in a climatic and environmental test chamber in order to verify its performance especially under flight conditions. At PTB (Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt), the German national metrology institute the spectral and spatial radiance distribution of the blackbody was determined and traceability to the International Temperature Scale (ITS-90) has been assured. In this paper the design and performance of the Balloon-borne BlackBody (BBB) is presented.

Citation: Olschewski, F., Monte, C., Adibekyan, A., Reiniger, M., Gutschwager, B., Hollandt, J., and Koppmann, R.: A large-area blackbody for inflight calibration of an infrared interferometer deployed on board a long-duration balloon for stratospheric research, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2017-417, in review, 2018.
Friedhelm Olschewski et al.
Friedhelm Olschewski et al.
Friedhelm Olschewski et al.

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The Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Research at the University of Wuppertal designed and manufactured a proto-type of the large-area blackbody for inflight calibration of an infrared interferometer deployed onboard a long-duration balloon for stratospheric research.
The Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Research at the University of Wuppertal designed...
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