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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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https://doi.org/10.5194/amtd-8-235-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
07 Jan 2015
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT). A final paper in AMT is not foreseen.
Validation of merged MSU4 and AMSU9 temperature climate records with a new 2002–2012 vertically resolved temperature record
A. A. Penckwitt1, G. E. Bodeker1, P. Stoll1, J. Lewis1, T. von Clarmann2, and A. Jones3 1Bodeker Scientific, Alexandra, New Zealand
2Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe, Germany
3Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Abstract. A new database of monthly mean zonal mean (5° zones) temperature time series spanning 17 pressure levels from 300 to 7 hPa and extending from 2002 to 2012 was created by merging monthly mean time series from two satellite-based mid-infrared spectrometers (ACE-FTS and MIPAS), a microwave sounder (SMR), and from three satellite-based radio occultation experiments (GRACE, CHAMP, and TSX). The primary intended use of this new temperature data set is to validate the merging of the Microwave Sounding Unit channel 4 (MSU4), and Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit channel 9 (AMSU9) temperature time series conducted in previous studies. The six source data sets were merged by removing offsets and trends between the different measurement series. Weighted means were calculated of the six source data sets where the weights were a function of the uncertainty on the original monthly mean data. This new temperature data set of the upper troposphere and stratosphere has been validated by comparing it to RATPAC-A, COSMIC radio occultation data as well as the NCEPCFSR reanalyses. Differences in all three cases were typically < 2 K in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, but could reach up to 5 K in the mid-stratosphere. The data across the 17 pressure levels have then been vertically integrated, using the MSU4/AMSU9 weighting function, to provide a deep vertical layer temperature proxy of the merged MSU4+AMSU9 series. Differences between this vertically integrated data set and two different versions of the MSU4+AMSU9 data set – one from Remote Sensing Systems and one from the University of Alabama at Huntsville – were examined for discontinuities. No statistically significant discontinuities were found in either of those two data sets suggesting that the transition from the MSU4+AMSU9 data to AMSU9 data only does not introduce any discontinuities in the MSU4+AMSU9 climate data records that might compromise their use in temperature trend analyses.

Citation: Penckwitt, A. A., Bodeker, G. E., Stoll, P., Lewis, J., von Clarmann, T., and Jones, A.: Validation of merged MSU4 and AMSU9 temperature climate records with a new 2002–2012 vertically resolved temperature record, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/amtd-8-235-2015, 2015.
A. A. Penckwitt et al.
Interactive discussionStatus: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version      Supplement - Supplement
 
RC C48: 'Review', Anonymous Referee #1, 06 Feb 2015 Printer-friendly Version 
AC C969: 'Final response to reviewer #1', Andreas Penckwitt, 30 Apr 2015 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
 
RC C99: 'Reviewer comments', Anonymous Referee #2, 13 Feb 2015 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
AC C970: 'Final response to reviewer #2', Andreas Penckwitt, 30 Apr 2015 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
A. A. Penckwitt et al.
A. A. Penckwitt et al.

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