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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
28 Nov 2014
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT). The revised manuscript was not accepted.
Wuhan Atmospheric Radio Exploration (WARE) radar: implementation and initial results
C. Zhou, H. Qing, G. Chen, X. Gu, B. Ni, G. Yang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhao Ionosphere Laboratory, Department of Space Physics, School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China
Abstract. The recently constructed Wuhan Atmospheric Radio Exploration (WARE) radar is the first mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere (MST) radar in the mainland of China, located at Chongyang, Hubei Province (114°8'8'' E, 29°31'58'' N, ∼ 23° geomagnetic latitude). WARE radar has a capability of probing the structure and dynamics of the atmosphere at the altitudes from 3 to 100 km (excluding 25–60 km). With fine temporal and spatial resolution, WARE radar provides an outstanding opportunity for the first time to extensively and intensively investigate various atmospheric phenomena at the regions of mid-latitude China. In this paper, we present the main configuration and technical specifications of WARE radar system. For the first time, we also report some initial results obtained by the WARE radar: (1) wind field observations from 69 to 85 km and from 3.2 to 16.9 km together with their comparisons with the rawinsonde results, (2) tropopause heights determined by radar echo power and comparisons between radar tropopause and rawinsonde tropopause, (3) atmospheric gravity waves in the troposphere with the wave length and propagation direction analyzed using the hodograph method, (4) aspect sensitivity of echo power at six specified heights in the troposphere and stratosphere, and (5) diurnal and semi-diurnal tides at the tropospheric and low stratospheric heights analyzed by the Lomb–Scargle periodogram method.

Citation: Zhou, C., Qing, H., Chen, G., Gu, X., Ni, B., Yang, G., Zhang, Y., and Zhao, Z.: Wuhan Atmospheric Radio Exploration (WARE) radar: implementation and initial results, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,, 2014.
C. Zhou et al.
C. Zhou et al.


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Short summary
Wuhan atmosphere radio exploration (WARE) radar is the first Mesosphere- -Stratosphere-Troposphere (MST) radar that becomes operative in the mainland of China and is dedicated to real-time atmospheric observations. We present the main configurations and initial results in this paper.The results can be very significant for analyzing the atmospheric characteristics in mid-latitude China and contributing to the worldwide MST community.
Wuhan atmosphere radio exploration (WARE) radar is the first Mesosphere-...