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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
04 Apr 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is under review for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).
A Raman lidar at Maïdo Observatory (Reunion Island) to measure water vapor in the troposphere and lower stratosphere: calibration and validation
Hélène Vérèmes1,2, Guillaume Payen2, Philippe Keckhut3, Valentin Duflot1,2, Jean-Luc Baray4, Jean-Pierre Cammas1,2, Jimmy Leclair De Bellevue1, Stéphanie Evan1, Françoise Posny1,2, Franck Gabarrot2, Jean-Marc Metzger2, Nicolas Marquestaut2, Susanne Meier5, Holger Vömel6, and Ruud Dirksen5 1Laboratoire de l’Atmosphère et des Cyclones, UMR8105, Saint-Denis de La Réunion, France
2Observatoire des Sciences de l’Univers de La Réunion, UMS3365, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, France
3Laboratoire ATmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales-IPSL, UMR8190 CNRS, UVSQ, UPMC, Guyancourt, France
4Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, UMR6016, Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand, Université Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France
5Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorological Observatory Lindenberg, Lindenberg, Germany
6National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
Abstract. The Maïdo high-altitude observatory located in Reunion Island (21° S, 55.5° E) is equipped with Lidar1200, an innovative Raman lidar designed to measure the water vapor mixing ratio in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere. The calibration methodology is based on a GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) IWV (Integrated Water Vapor) dataset and lamp measurements. The mean relative standard error on the calibration coefficient is around 2.7 %. Two years of lidar water vapor measurements from November 2013 to October 2015 are now processed. By comparing CFH (Cryogenic Frost point Hygrometer) radiosonde profiles with the Raman lidar profiles, the ability of the lidar to provide accurate measurements is possible up to 22 km. The ability of measuring water vapor mixing ratios of a few ppmv in the lower stratosphere is demonstrated with a 48-hours integration time period, an absolute error lower than 0.8 ppmv and a relative error less than 20 %. This Raman lidar is dedicated to provide regular profiles of water vapor measurements with a high vertical resolution and low uncertainties to international networks; in the wider interest of research on stratosphere-troposphere exchange processes and on the long-term survey of water vapor in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere in the Southern Hemisphere. A strategy of data sampling and filtering is proposed to meet these objectives with regard to the altitude range requested. 10-min time integration and 65–90 m vertical resolution ensure a vertical profile reaching 10 km, but more than 2800 minutes and a vertical resolution of 150–1300 m are necessary to reach the lower stratosphere with an uncertainty less than 20 %.

Citation: Vérèmes, H., Payen, G., Keckhut, P., Duflot, V., Baray, J.-L., Cammas, J.-P., Leclair De Bellevue, J., Evan, S., Posny, F., Gabarrot, F., Metzger, J.-M., Marquestaut, N., Meier, S., Vömel, H., and Dirksen, R.: A Raman lidar at Maïdo Observatory (Reunion Island) to measure water vapor in the troposphere and lower stratosphere: calibration and validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2017-32, in review, 2017.
Hélène Vérèmes et al.
Hélène Vérèmes et al.
Hélène Vérèmes et al.


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