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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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doi:10.5194/amt-2016-370
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
01 Dec 2016
Review status
A revision of this discussion paper was accepted for the journal Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT) and is expected to appear here in due course.
The ion trap aerosol mass spectrometer: improved design, first field deployment, and the capability of differentiating organic compound classes via MS–MS
Johannes R. W. Fachinger1, Stéphane J. Gallavardin1,2, Frank Helleis3, Friederike Fachinger1, Frank Drewnick1, and Stephan Borrmann1,2 1Particle Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, 55128, Germany
2Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, 55128, Germany
3Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, 55128, Germany
Abstract. Further development and optimisation of a previously described ion trap aerosol mass spectrometer (IT-AMS) are presented, which resulted in more reproducible and robust operation and allowed for the instrument’s first field deployment. Results from this 11-day long measurement indicate that the instrument is capable of providing quantitative information on organics, nitrate, and sulphate mass concentrations with reasonable detection limits (0.5–1.4 µg m−3 for 1 h averages), and that results obtained with the IT-AMS can directly be related to those from Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometers. The capability of the IT-AMS to elucidate the structure of fragment ions is demonstrated via an MS4 study on tryptophan. Detection limits are demonstrated to be sufficiently low to allow for MS2 studies not only in laboratory, but also in field measurements under favourable conditions or with the use of an aerosol concentrator. In laboratory studies the capability of the IT-AMS to differentiate [C4Hy]+ and [C3HyO]+ fragments at the nominal m / z 55 and 57 via their characteristic fragmentation patterns in MS2 experiments was demonstrated. Furthermore, with the IT-AMS it is possible to distinguish between fragments of the same elemental composition ([C2H4O2]+ at m / z 60 and [C3H5O2]+ at m / z 73) originating from different compound classes (carboxylic acids and sugars) due to their different molecular structure. These findings constitute a proof of concept and could provide a new means of distinguishing between these two compound classes in ambient organic aerosol.

Citation: Fachinger, J. R. W., Gallavardin, S. J., Helleis, F., Fachinger, F., Drewnick, F., and Borrmann, S.: The ion trap aerosol mass spectrometer: improved design, first field deployment, and the capability of differentiating organic compound classes via MS–MS, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2016-370, in review, 2016.
Johannes R. W. Fachinger et al.
Interactive discussionStatus: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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RC1: 'Review of Fachinger et al', Anonymous Referee #2, 10 Jan 2017 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
 
RC2: 'report Fachinger et al. AMTD', Anonymous Referee #1, 26 Jan 2017 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
 
AC1: 'Reply to reviews', Friederike Fachinger, 08 Mar 2017 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
Johannes R. W. Fachinger et al.
Johannes R. W. Fachinger et al.

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Short summary
The design of an ion-trap aerosol mass spectrometer was improved, allowing for the instrument's first field deployment. Detection limits were found to be sufficiently low for ambient measurements. Via MS-MS measurements the instrument is capable of differentiating ion fragments of different elemental compositions, but also fragments which only differ in their molecular structures. This could allow for e.g. the differentiation between sugars and carboxylic acids by MS–MS studies on m / z 60 and 73.
The design of an ion-trap aerosol mass spectrometer was improved, allowing for the instrument's...
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