Comparison of the Arctic upper-air temperatures from radiosonde
and radio occultation observations
Liang Chang1,2, Lixin Guo1,2, Guiping Feng1,2, Xuerui Wu3,4, and Guoping Gao1,21College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, China 2Collaborative Innovation Center for Distant-water Fisheries, Shanghai, 201306, China 3Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200030, China 4Key Laboratory of Planetary Sciences, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200030, China
Abstract. Air temperature is one of the most important parameters used for monitoring Arctic climate change. The Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate and Formosa Satellite mission 3 (COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3) radio occultation (RO) "wet" temperature product (i.e., "wetPrf") was introduced to analyze the Arctic air temperature profiles at 925–200 hPa in 2007–2012. The "wet" temperatures were further compared with radiosonde (RS) observations. Results from the spatially and temporally synchronized RS and COSMIC observations showed that their temperatures were matched well with each other, especially at 400 hPa. Comparisons of seasonal temperatures and anomalies from COSMIC and homogenized RS observations suggested the limited number of COSMIC observations during the spatial matchup may be insufficient to describe the small-scale spatial structure of temperature variations. Furthermore, comparisons of seasonal temperature anomalies from RS and 5 × 5 degree gridded COSMIC observations at 400 hPa during the sea ice minimum (SIM) of 2007 and 2012 were also made. Results revealed that the widely covered COSMIC observations can provide more details than RS observations in describing the Arctic temperature variations. Therefore, despite COSMIC observations being unsuitable to describe the Arctic temperatures in the lowest level, they provide a complementary data source to study the Arctic upper-air temperature variations and related climate change.
Chang, L., Guo, L., Feng, G., Wu, X., and Gao, G.: Comparison of the Arctic upper-air temperatures from radiosonde
and radio occultation observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2016-232, in review, 2016.