Development of the Community Active Sensor Module (CASM): Forward Simulation
B. T. Johnson1,2 and S. A. Boukabara21Atmospheric and Environmental Research Corporation, Lexington, MA, USA 2National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Received: 20 May 2016 – Accepted for review: 26 May 2016 – Discussion started: 24 Jun 2016
Abstract. Modern data assimilation frameworks require sophisticated physical and radiative models to guide assimilation and interpretation of satellite-based observations. To date, satellite-based infrared and passive microwave radiances, in various scenarios, are being assimilated operationally at multiple centers around the world (e.g., ECMWF, NOAA), however precipitating/cloudy radiances assimilation is still under development for most observation streams. Additionally, with the advent of space-based precipitation radars (e.g., TRMM, GPM, CloudSat), active microwave scatterometers (e.g., RapidScat), and radar altimeters (e.g., JASON), interest in directly assimilating satellite-based active microwave observations is increasing. This paper describes the development of the Community Active Sensor Module (CASM), which is designed to simulate active microwave sensor observations, consistent with current and future sensors. This paper presents the forward modeling component of CASM, providing a model description, key physical elements, and sensitivity to the various inputs and implicit / explicit assumptions. CASM is also evaluated against the the Global Precipitation Measurement Mission Dual-Frequency Precipitation Radar (GPM DPR) observations in both a targeted case study and a global, year-long analysis.
Johnson, B. T. and Boukabara, S. A.: Development of the Community Active Sensor Module (CASM): Forward Simulation, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2016-154, in review, 2016.