LOAC: a small aerosol optical counter/sizer for ground-based and balloon measurements of the size distribution and nature of atmospheric particles – Part 2: First results from balloon and unmanned aerial vehicle flights
J.-B. Renard1, F. Dulac2, G. Berthet1, T. Lurton1, D. Vignelle1, F. Jégou1, T. Tonnelier3, C. Thaury3, M. Jeannot1,4, B. Couté1, R. Akiki3, J.-L. Mineau3, N. Verdier5, M. Mallet6, F. Gensdarmes7, P. Charpentier8, S. Mesmin8, V. Duverger1, J.-C. Dupont9, T. Elias10, V. Crenn2, J. Sciare2, J. Giacomoni4, M. Gobbi4, E. Hamonou2, H. Olafsson11, P. Dagsson-Waldhauserova11,12, C. Camy-Peyret13, C. Mazel14, T. Décamps14, M. Piringer15, J. Surcin1, and D. Daugeron161LPC2E-CNRS/Université d'Orléans, 3A avenue de la recherche scientifique, 45071 Orléans, France 2LSCE-CEA/IPSL, CEA Saclay 701, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France 3Environnement-SA, 111 boulevard Robespierre, BP 4513, 78304, Poissy, France 4Groupe Aerophile, 106 avenue Felix Faure, 75015 Paris, France 5Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), DCT/BL/NB, 18 avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse CEDEX 9, France 6Laboratoire d'Aérologie/Université Paul Sabatier, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France 7Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), PSN-RES, SCA, Gif-sur-Yvette, 91192, France 8MeteoModem, Rue de Bessonville, 77760 Ury, France 9LMD/IPSL – Ecole Polytechnique, Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau CEDEX, France 10HYGEOS/LMD/IPSL – Ecole Polytechnique – Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau CEDEX, France 11University of Reykjavik, Reykjavik, Iceland 12Agricultural University of Iceland, Keldnaholt, 112 Reykjavik, Iceland 13IPSL (UPMC/UVSQ), 4 place Jussieu, Boîte 101, 75252 Paris CEDEX 05, France 14Fly-n-Sense, 25 rue Marcel Issartier, 33700 Mérignac, France 15Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, Vienna, Austria 16Université d'Auvergne/LPC2E, Paul Constans, Rue Christophe Thivrier, BP 415, 03107 Montluçon CEDEX, France
Received: 04 Nov 2014 – Accepted for review: 03 Jan 2015 – Discussion started: 29 Jan 2015
Abstract. In a companion (Part 1) paper (Renard et al., 2015), we have described and evaluated a new versatile optical particle counter/sizer named LOAC (Light Optical Aerosols Counter) based on scattering measurements at angles of 12 and 60°. that allows some speciation of particles (droplets, carbonaceous, salts, and mineral dust) in addition to size segregated counting in a large diameter range from 0.2 up to possibly more than 100 μm depending on sampling conditions. Its capabilities overwhelm those of preceding optical particle counters (OPCs) allowing the characterization of all kind of aerosols from submicronic-sized absorbing carbonaceous particles in polluted air to very coarse particles (> 10–20 μm in diameter) in desert dust plumes or fog and clouds. LOAC light and compact design allows measurements under all kinds of balloons, on-board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and at ground level.
We illustrate here the first LOAC airborne results obtained from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and a variety of scientific balloons. The UAV was deployed in a peri-urban environment near Bordeaux in France. Balloon operations include (i) tethered balloons deployed in urban environments in Wien (Austria) and Paris (France), (ii) pressurized balloons drifting in the lower troposphere over the western Mediterranean (during the Chemistry-Aerosol Mediterranean Experiment – ChArMEx campaigns), (iii) meteorological sounding balloons launched in the western Mediterranean region (ChArMEx) and from Aire-sur-l'Adour in south-western France (VOLTAIRE-LOAC campaign). More focus is put on measurements performed in the Mediterranean during (ChArMEx) and especially during African dust transport events to illustrate the original capability of balloon-borne LOAC to monitor in situ coarse mineral dust particles. In particular, LOAC has detected unexpected large particles in desert sand plumes.
Renard, J.-B., Dulac, F., Berthet, G., Lurton, T., Vignelle, D., Jégou, F., Tonnelier, T., Thaury, C., Jeannot, M., Couté, B., Akiki, R., Mineau, J.-L., Verdier, N., Mallet, M., Gensdarmes, F., Charpentier, P., Mesmin, S., Duverger, V., Dupont, J.-C., Elias, T., Crenn, V., Sciare, J., Giacomoni, J., Gobbi, M., Hamonou, E., Olafsson, H., Dagsson-Waldhauserova, P., Camy-Peyret, C., Mazel, C., Décamps, T., Piringer, M., Surcin, J., and Daugeron, D.: LOAC: a small aerosol optical counter/sizer for ground-based and balloon measurements of the size distribution and nature of atmospheric particles – Part 2: First results from balloon and unmanned aerial vehicle flights, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 8, 1261-1299, doi:10.5194/amtd-8-1261-2015, 2015.