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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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doi:10.5194/amtd-7-10585-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
21 Oct 2014
Review status
A revision of this discussion paper for further review has not been submitted.
Characterization and first results of an ice nucleating particle measurement system based on counterflow virtual impactor technique
L. P. Schenk1, S. Mertes1, U. Kästner1, F. Frank2, B. Nillius2,*, U. Bundke2,**, D. Rose2, S. Schmidt3, J. Schneider3, A. Worringen4, K. Kandler4, N. Bukowiecki5, M. Ebert4, J. Curtius2, and F. Stratmann1 1Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
2Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
3Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Particle Chemistry Department, Mainz, Germany
4Technical University of Darmstadt, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Darmstadt, Germany
5Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Villigen, Switzerland
*now at: Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Particle Chemistry Department, Mainz, Germany
**now at: Julich Research Center, Institute of Energy and Climate Research, Troposphere (IEK-8), Jülich, Germany
Abstract. A specific instrument combination was developed to achieve a better microphysical and chemical characterization of atmospheric aerosol particles that have the potential to act as ice nucleating particles (INP). For this purpose a pumped counterflow virtual impactor system called IN-PCVI was set up and characterized to separate ice particles that had been activated on INP in the Fast Ice Nucleus Chamber (FINCH) from interstitial, non-activated particles. This coupled setup consisting of FINCH (ice particle activation and counting), IN-PCVI (INP separation and preparation), and further aerosol instrumentation (INP characterization) had been developed for the application in field experiments. The separated INP were characterized on-line with regard to their total number concentration, number size distribution and chemical composition, especially with the Aircraft-based Laser Ablation Aerosol Mass Spectrometer ALABAMA. Moreover, impactor samples for electron microscopy were taken. Due to the coupling the IN-PCVI had to be operated with different flow settings than known from literature, which required a further characterization of its cut-off-behavior. Taking the changed cut-off-behavior into account, the INP number concentration measured by the IN-PCVI system was in good agreement with the one detected by the FINCH optics for water saturation ratios up to 1.01 (ice saturation ratios between 1.21–1.34 and temperatures between −18 and −26 °C). First field results of INP properties are presented which were gained during the INUIT-JFJ/CLACE 2013 campaign at the high altitude research station Jungfraujoch in the Bernese Alps, Switzerland (3580 m a.s.l.).

Citation: Schenk, L. P., Mertes, S., Kästner, U., Frank, F., Nillius, B., Bundke, U., Rose, D., Schmidt, S., Schneider, J., Worringen, A., Kandler, K., Bukowiecki, N., Ebert, M., Curtius, J., and Stratmann, F.: Characterization and first results of an ice nucleating particle measurement system based on counterflow virtual impactor technique, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 7, 10585-10617, doi:10.5194/amtd-7-10585-2014, 2014.
L. P. Schenk et al.
Interactive discussionStatus: closed (peer review stopped)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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RC C3767: 'Review of Schenk et al.', Anonymous Referee #3, 18 Nov 2014 Printer-friendly Version 
 
RC C3787: 'Review of Schenk et al. (2014) AMTD paper', Anonymous Referee #1, 18 Nov 2014 Printer-friendly Version 
 
RC C3819: 'Review of Schenk et al. AMTD 2014', Anonymous Referee #2, 20 Nov 2014 Printer-friendly Version 
L. P. Schenk et al.
L. P. Schenk et al.

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Short summary
A pumped counterflow virtual impactor (PCVI) was set up to separate ice nucleating particle (INP) counter produced ice particles that had been activated to ice from non-activated aerosol particles. The released INP were characterized with regard to their physico-chemical properties. A successful separation (PCVI) of INP for water-subsaturated conditions is proven. First results of INP properties are presented which were gained during a campaign at the high altitude research station Jungfraujoch.
A pumped counterflow virtual impactor (PCVI) was set up to separate ice nucleating particle...
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