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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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doi:10.5194/amtd-3-3851-2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
25 Aug 2010
Review status
A revision of this discussion paper for further review has not been submitted.
Dry deposition of NaCl aerosols: theory and method for a modified leaf-washing technique
A. Reinap1, B. L. B. Wiman1, S. Gunnarsson1, and B. Svenningsson2 1Environmental Science & Technology Research Section, School of Natural Sciences, Linnaeus University, Sweden
2Department of Nuclear Physics, Lund University, Sweden
Abstract. Within the framework of aerosol deposition to vegetation we present a specially designed leaf wash-off method used in a wind-tunnel based study, where leaves of Quercus robur L. were exposed to NaCl aerosols. We summarise the principles and illustrate the method for two types of substances, the chloride ion and the sodium ion, and for two levels of aerosol exposure prior to leaf washing. On the average, in the low-exposure experiments (S1), the 1st (2nd) wash-off step provided 90% (96%) of the amount of Cl on the leaves. In the high-exposure experiments (S2) the corresponding values were 96% and 99%. For sodium, the general dynamics resembles that of chloride, but the amounts washed off were, in both series, on the average below what would be expected if the equivalent ratio in the tunnel aerosol were to be preserved. Na+ showed adsorption and/or absorption at the leaf surfaces. The difference between the mean values of the amounts of chloride and of sodium washed off in S1 was not statistically significant, the mean Na+ to Cl difference as a fraction of Cl being minus 18%±27%; corresponding values for S2 were minus 16%±9%, however (p<0.05). In the latter case, 101±57 μequiv Na+ per m2 of leaf area were missing for the equivalent relationship 1:1 with Cl to be met. Although uncertainties are thus large, this indicates the magnitude of the Na+-retention. The method is suitable not only for chloride, an inexpensive and easy-to-handle tracer, but also for sodium under exposure at high aerosol concentrations. Our findings will help design further studies of aerosol/forest interactions.

Citation: Reinap, A., Wiman, B. L. B., Gunnarsson, S., and Svenningsson, B.: Dry deposition of NaCl aerosols: theory and method for a modified leaf-washing technique, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 3, 3851-3876, doi:10.5194/amtd-3-3851-2010, 2010.
A. Reinap et al.
Interactive discussionStatus: closed (peer review stopped)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version      Supplement - Supplement
 
RC C2061: 'Referee comments', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Nov 2010 Printer-friendly Version 
AC C2816: 'Reply to referee 1', Ausra Reinap, 21 Feb 2011 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
 
RC C2302: 'Review', Anonymous Referee #2, 20 Dec 2010 Printer-friendly Version 
AC C2817: 'Reply to referee 2', Ausra Reinap, 21 Feb 2011 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
A. Reinap et al.
A. Reinap et al.

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